Monitor and measure to improve and reduce
Greenhouse gases are gaseous emissions which affect the Earth's climate. The Kyoto Protocol lists 6 main greenhouse gases of various potency: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
Manufacturing, services, cities, households... we are all responsible for GHG emissions. Burning fossil fuels is the most common emission source, but there are others, such as farming, manufacturing processes and air-conditioning units.
'Organisational GHG' is an expression which represents the amount of climate change emissions (or 'greenhouse gases') resulting from an organisation's activities.
A carbon footprint is measured in CO2 tonnes equivalent (T CO2e); CO2 is the best-known - and most common - of the greenhouse gases.
All kinds of activities have a carbon footprint: agriculture, industrial processes, transport, services...
For many businesses, combustion of fossil fuels is the main contribution to their carbon footprint.
'Embodied carbon' is another term used for carbon footprint, particularly in the construction sector.
'Carbon neutral' is applied to organisations which have minimised GHG emissions as much as possible and compensated for any residual emissions.
In the UK, the Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 requires all UK-quoted companies to report on their greenhouse gas emissions as part of their annual Directors' Report.
In addition, the UK government encourages all other companies to report their greenhouse gas emissions on a voluntary basis. Therefore, even if your organisation is not (yet) affected by the legislation, it can benefit from measuring its emissions: measurement allows benchmarking, establishing target areas for action, and progress monitoring.
At the end of 2014 a Directive on disclosure of non-financial information by some large organisations came into force; EU Member States have two years to transpose it into national legislation. Disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions is one of its requirements.
Get more value from mandatory GHG reporting: invest in energy management to reduce emissions and costs.
Managing energy is an important element of environmental management and contributes to financial savings.
Our experience includes preparation of mandatory GHG reports for UK listed companies and EUETS verification at process-industry installations. Thus we are ideally-placed to guide you through GHG accounting and carbon footprinting.
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